Childhood illnesses

Human Papillomavirus in children


He human papilloma virus (HPV) comprises a group of viruses that cause the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States, 14 million people in that country are infected each year by this disease.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are more than 100 different types of HPV, of which 13 are at high risk of causing cervical, anal, vulvar, vaginal or penile cancer. In the case of types 16 and 18, they are the origin of 70% of carvicouterine cancers.

The appearance of these viruses in minors is frequently associated with cases of sexual abuse, and although it is a cause for concern, it should be taken into account that the spread of HPV is done from skin to skin. The American Academy of Pediatrics warns that the risk of contagion of these viruses in minors due to sexual abuse is low, so it should be considered as a suspicious data and consult with specialists.

According to experts from the National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico (INP), these viruses can pass from mother to child during the delivery or even in the womb for a perinatal transmission. Contagion can also occur if an adult with HPV warts on the hands touches the minor's genital area, for example when changing the diaper or bathing, or simply due to poor hygiene of the infected adult.

Human papillomaviruses in children infect both the skin like mucous membranes, depending on the type. Although many are asymptomatic, others can cause the appearance of cutaneous warts or condylomas, infections in the genitals.

According to the INP, in infants and preschoolers, the most common is that warty condylomas appear in the area of ​​the anus, vulva, penis and scrotum. Oral and laryngeal papilloma cases are mostly transmitted during childbirth.

Regarding treatment, warty lesions do not have specific drugs, although they are often treated with topical antiviral creams. In the case of precancerous damage, extractive surgery is recommended. In recent years, some countries have approved HPV vaccines in girls and young women, which according to WHO prevented 100% of cervical precancerous lesions in trials.

Patricia garcia. Contributor to our site

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Video: Natural History of HPV Infection (September 2021).