Weaning is the end of breastfeeding and a new headache for mothers due to the doubts raised by this process and the introduction of a new diet in feeding the baby.
The World Health Organization recommends maintaining exclusive breastfeeding until the sixth month of life, thereafter it is recommended to continue breastfeeding up to 2 years, at least, accompanied by complementary foods.
Once it's time to wean the baby, the experts at National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico (INP) recommend evaluating the state of development and nutrition of the baby according to their sex and age, to know their nutritional needs. In addition, they remember that breastfeeding or replacement milk must be maintained.
The INP advises that the new diet meets the nutritional and energy needs of the baby, and that it includes products of natural origin, fresh and of habitual consumption in the community in which the family resides.
It is very important to take into account that in this period the so-called food allergies may appear, so it is recommended when introducing a new food that is made by itself and observing the baby tolerance.
According to INP specialists, the quantity, consistency and frequency of complementary foods are three fundamental aspects when introducing a new diet In the kids.
The initial quantity of the products should be between one and two small tablespoons for fruits, vegetables and cereals in the sixth and seventh months and for the meat and fish the ninth and tenth. These amounts will gradually increase and in month twelve, a quarter cup a day of cereals, fruits and vegetables and four tablespoons of meat, fish, legumes and eggs are recommended.
Regarding frequency, from the sixth to the eighth month, experts advise giving the food once or twice a day and preferably in the morning to encourage breakfast. From the eighth month on, meat and fish are introduced and food is also being promoted. In addition, it is advisable to maintain the consistency of purees and porridges until 12 months, when the chopped or chopped food begins to be introduced.
So that the weaning process is not traumatic for the baby, it is recommended to use small plates and spoons appropriate for the hands and mouth of the child, feed directly the first months and assist them if they require it when they are older.
Do not force feeding and be patient is essential for both parents and children. If the child rejects a food, try to mix it with other flavors or textures. Avoid seasonings and spices for the first few months and present dishes in an attractive way.
- National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico
Patricia garcia. Contributor to our site
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