It is a fact that anxiety disorders they are frequently associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. These anxiety problems can be observed in almost 35% of the little ones who suffer from ADHD. This means that one in three children carry these disorders associated with anxiety. Furthermore, if we make the comparison between boys and girls we can conclude that the latter are more likely to suffer them.
However, parents often feel unable to identify the symptoms and know how to act. Therefore, in Guiainfantil.com We talked about the different types and symptoms that anxiety disorders manifest themselves with and how we can help children with ADHD.
The first thing we must know are the different types of anxiety disorders. These are some of the most common that manifest in children with ADHD.
1. Generalized anxiety
Characterized by excessive worries, fears and fears. It manifests itself with tremors, sweating, etc.
2. Separation anxiety
Excessive anxiety occurs when the child separates from their attachment figures. There is excessive concern for the loss of those people to whom he is emotionally attached or even for whether they are victims of any harm. This anxiety manifests itself somatically and is accompanied by fantasies.
3. Social phobia
The child suffers from discomfort caused by having to face various types of social situations that involve interaction with other people.
Unwanted thoughts, ideas or impulses are given that produce guilt in the little ones, in addition to the idea that thanks to the performance of rituals, bad things can be prevented from happening.
5. School stress
There is a state of continuous anxiety in which the child experiences discomfort due to having to interact with peers, being demanded, due to academic problems, lack of support, etc. This stress manifests itself through lack of sleep, appetite, nervousness, etc.
Anxiety disorders manifest themselves in a psychophysiological way according to each person in a different way. Learning to identify the symptoms of anxiety, when children with ADHD occur, is essential to know when they need our help. Symptoms can be of different character:
- Motor symptoms.
Tremors, restlessness, fatigue, muscle tension, etc.
- Vegetative symptoms.
Dizziness, tachycardia, cold or clammy hands, shortness of breath, etc.
- Symptoms of "vigilance".
Being excessively alert, having a feeling that something is going to happen, being irritable, having difficulty falling asleep, etc.
Among all these symptoms we can find some that are related to children who suffer Disorder Attention deficit and hyperactivity. These are:
- Excessive concern for the welfare of their attachment figures.
- Fears of sleeping alone and separation from their parents in various situations.
- Physical discomfort, tension, etc. at the time of going to school.
The relationship between these warning signs that occur in children with ADHD and the symptoms of anxiety disorders push us to give great importance to the relationship between ADHD and anxiety, so it will be important that these disorders are evaluated together.
The prevalence that exists between ADHD and anxiety is 35% in boys and girls. This data increases to 40% when they reach adulthood. Therefore, it is important that the adults in the environment help the little ones to cope with the situation.
When the child suffers from ADHD and anxiety, the first thing to do is focus on the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which are: inattention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Once this is done they will focus on:
- Teach strategies such as: relaxation with which the child controls emotional symptoms of anxiety such as nervousness or irritability.
- Teach children to direct their disproportionate reactions of anger towards calm.
- Focus strategies for the child to better tolerate frustration.
If these guidelines are combined with the pharmacology and therapy frequently decreases anxiety symptoms and, therefore, the prevalence of 40% in adulthood as well.
You can read more articles similar to Helping Children With ADHD Manage Anxiety Disorders, in the category of Mental Disorders on site.