Cases ofpolycystic ovary syndrome they are more frequent than they may seem. It is a health problem that usually appears in adolescence to adulthood of 30 years Women's. The reasons are still unknown, although it is known to be related to hormonal imbalances. It is a hormonal disorder that causes the ovaries to be larger with small cysts on the outer edges.
This disorder can cause irregular periods, periods with heavy bleeding, and even absence of periods. Apart from that, it can also increase body hair and cause acne.
Sometimes polycystic ovary syndrome is closely related to difficulty in getting pregnant, being one of the causes of sterility female.
For women to ovulate we need the ovaries to make two types of hormones: estrogens and the progesterone. These hormones are responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, and the moment when the ovary releases the ovum, that is, ovulation.
Another of the hormones that also intervenes are androgens, a hormone more linked to men, but that women also manufacture, although to a lesser extent.
In women with a polycystic ovary, androgen secretion is higher than normal, which makes it difficult for the egg to leave the ovary. The eggs stick to the wall of the ovary and try to get out, but in this struggle to free themselves, cysts develop on the ovaries, which are small fluid bags. On many occasions these eggs do not reach get free, so there is no ovulation or there is an irregular ovulation.
The true ones are not known Causes of this syndrome, although they believe that it may be related to the increase in insulin in the body, and to genetic inheritance; that is, if your mother or sister has it, chances are you do too.
Even if can vary from one woman to another, there are certain symptoms that may indicate that you may suffer from this syndrome:
- Absence of menstrual period, even if it has been previously
- Irregular periods
- Excessive body hair
- Acne on the face, chest and back
What consequences can polycystic ovary syndrome have on women's health. Women with this syndromes are more likely to develop:
- Arterial hypertension
- Heart disease or heart disease
- Obstructive sleep apnea
But despite having such bad prognoses and not having a cure, you do not have to worry excessively, since there is treatment. The important thing is to detect it in time to counteract the posible problems develop. The doctor, based on an ultrasound and a blood test hormonal, it can tell you if you actually suffer from it.
Treatment begins by losing weight in women who are obese, and helping to prevent diabetes, hypertension or cholesterol.
It is common for the gynecologist to order you to take birth control pills to regulate your period, and they will help reduce excessive growth of the body hair and acne.
If you want to get pregnant and suspect that you may have PCOS, you should go to your gynecologist so that you medicate, control your periods and you can achieve normal ovulations.
You can read more articles similar to Polycystic ovary syndrome and infertility, in the category of On-site fertility problems.